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Format Facts

posted Jan 8, 2016, 11:05 AM by Tom Quaglieri   [ updated Jan 19, 2016, 12:32 PM ]
Audio Formats
Microcassette-Introduced by Olympus in 1969 -Smaller than a standard audio cassette -Typically used for voice recordings and home answering machinesMicrocassette to CD
Audio Cassette-Format developed by Phillips and released in 1963-1964 -Most popular audio recording medium for consumers until the development of CDsAudio Cassette
Reel to Reel-Developed in the 1940s -Can be recorded and played at various speeds.Reel to Reel Audio
LP/Vinyl Record-One of the earlier recording mediums as it was developed in the late 1800s -Could be played at various speeds, still popular to this day.Vinyl Record

Video Formats

MiniDVD-DVD disc having 8 cm (3 in.) in diameter. -Recordable 8 cm discs are commonly used in DVD-based camcorders. Depending on variant, these discs can offer up to 5.2 GB of storage space.MiniDVD
MicroMV-MicroMVwas a proprietary videotape format introduced in 2001 by Sony. -Physically the smallest of all video tape formats, 70% smaller than a MiniDV cassetteMicroMV
MiniDV-Released in 1998 as part of joint efforts of leading producers of video camera recorders. -Recorded in digital (DV) same as Digital8 -Tapes could hold 1hr SP, 90min EPMiniDV
Video8, Hi8, Digital8-Developed through the 80s and 90s -Most popular consumer camcorder tapes through the 90s due to small form factor and higher quality than that of the VHS.Video8
VHS-C-Released by JVC in 1982 as a compact VHS. -The format is based on the same videotape as is used in VHS, and can be played back in a standard VHS VCR with an adapter.VHC-C
VHS-Developed by JVC and introduced in 1976. -During the late part of the 1970s and the early 1980s, the home video industry was involved in the VHS vs. Betamax war, which VHS would eventually win.
Betamax-Developed by Sony, released on May 10, 1975. -Although generally considered the superior quality tape, Betamax lost the format war to VHS in the 80s.Betamax
3/4″ U-Matic-Developed by Sony, released in 1971 as a professional video tape format. -It was among the first video formats to contain the videotape inside a cassette, as opposed to the various open-reel formats of the time.U-Matic
Betacam-Developed by Sony in 1982. -The format supplanted the three-quarter inch U-Matic format, which Sony had introduced in 1971Betacam tape